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Piccadilly Circus
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At the junction of Regent Street and Shaftesbury Avenue the visitor to London will find a trapezoidal area near London's West End known to the world as Piccadilly Circus.

It's an odd name, since there's no circus there and possibly never has been. The fact is that "circus", Latin for "ring", usually is used to designate a round city area where several streets meet in a circle, after a Roman plan. In fact, a "three ring circus" is a bit of overstatement. But that designation fits Piccadilly, since, like the three busy rings of the circus, this area of the great British capital attracts the most diverse set of people in an already diverse town.

The first half of the name comes from a 17th-century frilly collar called a picadil. The name is a perfect description, for here are the frills of London. Here are pubs, monuments, shops and nearby theater in the West End.

Whatever the name means, no London sightseeing trip would be complete without a visit to Piccadilly Circus!

Much like New York's Times Square, Piccadilly Circus is filled with traffic, crowds and (at night) neon lights befitting its role as a major tourist attraction.

Known ad early as 1743 by its current name, the junction was created in 1819 and its history shows. There's the bronze Shaftesbury memorial fountain, erected in 1893, topped by a statue of Anteros (sibling of Eros), the Angel of Christian Charity. (The Evening Standard uses a graphic of the nude statue on its masthead.)

Technologically innovative for its time, it was the first sculpture to be cast in aluminum. In the late 1980s, the fountain was moved from the center to its present location at the south west corner of the intersection.

Not far from the center, is the off-center (the literal translation of the Greek word "eccentric") The Reduced Shakespeare CompanyCatch all of Shakespeare's plays at once with the help of the Reduced Shakespeare Company, who have performed at the Criterion Theater since 1995.

The specialty of the Reduced Shakepeare Company is a rapid, highly improvised, presentation of the complete works of Shakespeare in 97 minutes. (Well, a presentation that draws inspiration from 37 of the plays, anyway.) The 600-seat theater regularly sells out, so be sure to plan ahead.

That surrealistic show fits in quite well with the ambiance of the area, but for those interested in more traditional forms of theater the London West End shows are only a few minutes walk. Here you can see the best of British theater - shows which often are later imported to Broadway.

On the northeastern side, is the London Pavilion, located on the corner of Shaftesbury Avenue and Coventry Street and facing, Piccadilly Circus. First erected in 1859 as a music hall, Shaftesbury Avenue bisected the site in 1885. A new building for the purpose was built and by 1923 was even lit with electric billboards. Rebuilt again in 1986, the original 1885 facade was preserved and the area converted to a shopping arcade. Later it was connected to the neighboring Trocadero Centre.

Virgin Megastore used to have a shop here, but that was purchased in 2008 by Zavvi but then that company was liquidated, and, as of this writing, Number 1 Piccadilly stands empty, a victim to the changing tides of business.  Lillywhites, a major sporting good retailer is nearby, having been there since 1925. Under the complex is the tube station (the London Underground subway system).

There are also pubs galore, but be selective. Some are full of nothing but tourists, some are very tourist-unfriendly. While you're doing touristy things, don't miss the newly installed, giant, curved TV screen. Not even Times Square can compete with this one.

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Page Updated 9:09 AM Sunday 1/18/2015