Sights to See in Barcelona - Montjuic
At the base of Montjuic
in Barcelona, while standing in the Placa
d'Espanya, a visitor will observe before them two majestic
towers. Constructed in 1929 as part of the Palau Nacional for
the World Exhibition,
they form the entrance to this Spanish city's magnificent hilltop park.
Long before those towers were constructed, this hill held a special
place in Barcelona. Thousands of years ago Iberian Celts
settled here. Once serving a military purpose, it housed a fort in
1640. That was replaced in the 18th century by a large fortress (called
de Montjuic) that overlooked the city below.
Today, the area holds many attractions for tourists who have nothing more violent on their minds than a pleasant hike through gardens and museums.
The Castell de Montjuic houses the Museu Militar
and can be reached by a funicular, a type of small cable car. It begins
at the Paral-lel
metro station and takes you straight up to the museum.
Nacional situated at the entrance holds even more delights
for the museum goer. Inside is the MNAC
Nacional d'Art de Catalunya). The collection
housed here ranges across thousands of years, including Roman, Gothic,
Renaissance and Baroque periods. It continues through the 19th and 20th
Even the grounds around the palace give visitors a delightful view of
architectural art of the sort to be found everywhere in this artistic
city. The Font
Màgica (Magic Fountain) is an outstanding
example. It is at its most spectacular at night when the illuminated
spray decorates the view of the palace.
Immediately adjacent to the Font Màgica is a museum
dedicated to one of the 20th century's most innovative architects, Mies van der Rohe.
Mies van der Rohe was demolished after the International
Exposition for which it was built, but it was reconstructed according
to the original plans in the 1980s. The building is a fine example of
the undecorated 'glass and steel' minimalism of this architect. Rohe
popularized the phrase 'less is more' in relation to building.
Equally popular is the Poble Espanyol,
also originally hailing from the 1929 Exhibition. A collection of homes
constructed in varied Spanish styles, it continues to attract thousands
of tourists every year.
Much later additions to the Montjuic family of sights have been equally
The 1992 Olympics were held in Barcelona, and, as a consequence,
several structures were built specifically for the event, and many of
them still here today. The Anella
Olímpica (Olympic Ring) houses several sports
facilities, not least of which is the central Olympic Stadium. Though
the facade is circa
1929, the interior was completely redone for the event.
In addition, several of the mountain's famed gardens have received
considerable updating. The Nou
Jardí Botànic is a
botanical garden housing over 2,000 plants of all varieties. One
unusual offering is the Jardins
de Mossen Costa i Llobera, which displays an enormous
variety of cacti.
Whatever your interest, the Hill
of the Jews (Montjuic) offers something to appeal to
to See in Barcelona